Information From Your Health Care Provider
A sore or raw area on the inner lining (mucosa) of the stomach. Gastric erosions can affect all ages. They are more common in men than in women.
frequent signs and symptoms
- Vomiting blood. Blood may be bright red or look like black coffee grounds.
- Blood in the stool. Blood will appear black or tarry.
- Often there are no symptoms. A person may be unaware of the bleeding.
The stomach's lining is delicate and can easily be damaged by too much stomach acid or other irritants. The damage can result in erosions or ulcers that may cause bleeding. Erosions can be shallow or deep and are often in the shape of a circle.
risk increases with
- Drugs that irritate the stomach lining. These include aspirin and other nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory drugs.
- Tobacco use. It increases stomach acid.
- Excess alcohol intake. It irritates the stomach lining.
- Bacteria infection.
- Physical stress such as from burns or surgery.
- Rarely, in children, a swallowed coin that contains zinc can cause erosion.
- Emotional stress was once considered the main risk factor. Medical experts are currently unsure of its role and research is ongoing.
- No specific food (or diet) has been identified as a risk factor. A person should avoid any foods that cause an upset stomach.
- If possible, take pills that have a protective coating.
- Don't smoke or drink alcohol.
Usually curable in 2 weeks.
- Perforation, in which the erosion opens a hole through the stomach wall. Surgery is sometimes needed to correct the problem.
- Anemia due to blood loss.
diagnosis & treatment
- Your health care provider will do a physical exam and ask questions about your symptoms. Medical tests may include studies of the stool and blood, or X-rays of the stomach.
- Treatment usually involves taking drugs to reduce stomach acid. This helps relieve symptoms and promote healing.
- Your health care provider may have you check your stool daily for any signs of bleeding. You will be given instructions on how to do this.
- Stop smoking. Your health care provider can help with suggestions for a cease smoking program.
- Drugs to reduce stomach acid may be recommended. These may be prescription drugs or others that are nonprescription.
- An antibiotic may be prescribed for bacteria infection.
- If a drug you are currently taking is a cause of erosion, a change in dosage or a different drug may be prescribed.
- For minor pain, you may use acetaminophen.
Resume normal activities as soon as symptoms improve.
Eat small, frequent meals for 1 to 2 weeks. No specific foods need to be avoided. Don't drink alcohol.
notify our office if
- You or a family member has signs of bleeding described in Frequent Signs and Symptoms.
- You develop diarrhea. This may represent a reaction to drugs used in treatment.
- You have severe pain that is not helped by treatment.
- You are unusually weak, pale, or lightheaded.
- Symptoms of gastric erosion recur after treatment.
More notes on the back of this page